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01-11-2014 LACTURATTE & GD TOPICS OF SSB INTERVIEW

INTER-LINKING OF RIVERS
1. Water is the most precious commodity in the world today. It is felt that in the present century there may be wars between countries on water sharing or controlling sources of water like advanced nations are trying to control petrol these days. Water scarcity is going to be a common phenomenon in the near future. Per capita availability of water in India is falling to 1582 cu m per year and one can imagine it will seriously affected the growth of the country.
India has been generous while settling Indus river water with Pakistan. India accepted to allow 80% of water of the Indus river system to Pakistan, which by far is considered to be the most generous international water settlement so far. A similar settlement with Bangladesh over sharing of the Teesta river water is in the offing. But China is building a dam on Brahmputra River which will seriously reduce water supply to India. We must learn to manage our water resources wisely and efficiently.
In this context, an ambitious project of inter-linking of National Rivers of India was proposed by Atal Bihari Vajpaye government, but the project has remained on paper for the past ten years. The plan envisaged connecting of 37 Himalayan and peninsular rivers in a pan Indian water grid to reduce water shortages in the country. It was estimated by experts that a colossal water grid will handle 178 billion cu m of inter-basin water a year which will be channeled through 12,500 km long newly built canal system. This will also result in production of 34 GW of hydro- power and irrigate an additional area of 35 million hectares of land. Looking at the enormous benefits of the project, the Supreme Court of India urged the Government in 2002 to embark on this water grid programme, but the government dragged its feet on the ground that it entailed an expenditure of $120 billion which the government could ill afford. But it is unwise to reject a programme on account of its cost when it holds promise of tremendous benefits to the nation. Inter-linking rivers will stem droughts and floods and double the food grains production to 450 million tons per year.
1. With growing urbanization, wasteful irrigation methods and fast increasing population, the country is going to face a worse water situation in future. Supreme Court of India, realizing the situation, has decided to intercede. It has now ordered the government to implement the project in a time-bound manner. Let us hope the challenging water situation in the country will be addressed in time, with the intervention of the apex court of the country.
Photo: INTER-LINKING OF RIVERS1. Water is the most precious commodity in the world today. It is felt that in the present century there may be wars between countries on water sharing or controlling sources of water like advanced nations are trying to control petrol these days. Water scarcity is going to be a common phenomenon in the near future. Per capita availability of water in India is falling to 1582 cu m per year and one can imagine it will seriously affected the growth of the country.India has been generous while settling Indus river water with Pakistan. India accepted to allow 80% of water of the Indus river system to Pakistan, which by far is considered to be the most generous international water settlement so far. A similar settlement with Bangladesh over sharing of the Teesta river water is in the offing. But China is building a dam on Brahmputra River which will seriously reduce water supply to India. We must learn to manage our water resources wisely and efficiently.In this context, an ambitious project of inter-linking of National Rivers of India was proposed by Atal Bihari Vajpaye government, but the project has remained on paper for the past ten years. The plan envisaged connecting of 37 Himalayan and peninsular rivers in a pan Indian water grid to reduce water shortages in the country. It was estimated by experts that a colossal water grid will handle 178 billion cu m of inter-basin water a year which will be channeled through 12,500 km long newly built canal system. This will also result in production of 34 GW of hydro- power and irrigate an additional area of 35 million hectares of land. Looking at the enormous benefits of the project, the Supreme Court of India urged the Government in 2002 to embark on this water grid programme, but the government dragged its feet on the ground that it entailed an expenditure of $120 billion which the government could ill afford. But it is unwise to reject a programme on account of its cost when it holds promise of tremendous benefits to the nation. Inter-linking rivers will stem droughts and floods and double the food grains production to 450 million tons per year.1. With growing urbanization, wasteful irrigation methods and fast increasing population, the country is going to face a worse water situation in future. Supreme Court of India, realizing the situation, has decided to intercede. It has now ordered the government to implement the project in a time-bound manner. Let us hope the challenging water situation in the country will be addressed in time, with the intervention of the apex court of the country.
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